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Monday, August 23, 2010

Nat'l Punctuation Day (. ! ? ", etc.)


Yeah, well, it was yesterday but that doesn't mean we can't talk about it today! So...how do you celebrate "National Punctuation Day"? By trying to use them correctly in anything you write!

Here are the facts about some forms of punctuation (not all forms of punctuations/facts are listed as it would make this blog WAY too long).



PERIOD:
1. Use at the end of a sentence that makes a statement.
2. Use a period with abbreviations.

QUESTION MARK:
1. Use at the end of a direct question.


EXCLAMATION MARK:
1. Use at the end of an emphatic declaration or command.

COLON:
1. Use before a list or an explanation that is preceded by a clause that can stand by itself.
2. Use to separate an independent clause from a quotation.
3. Use after a salutation in a business letter.
4. Use when designating the speaker within a play or in court testimony.

SEMICOLON:
1. Use to help sort out a large list.
2. Use to separate closely related independent clauses.


HYPHEN:
1. Use when creating compound words, particularly modifiers before nouns.
2. Use when writing numbers twenty-one to ninety-nine and fractions.
3. Use when creating compounds.
4. Use when adding certain prefixes to words (lots of rules here).

DASH:
1. The en dash is used to join compound modifiers made up of elements that are themselves either open compounds (frequently two-word proper nouns) or already hyphenated compounds. Use to mark the space between dates in a chronological range.
2. The em dash is used to set off concluding lists and explanations in a more informal and abrupt manner than the colon. Use the em dash for most purposes.

PARENTHESES:
1. Use to include material that you want to de-emphasize when you're quoting material and you want to omit some words.
2. Use to indicate a pause in the flow of a sentence and is especially useful in quoted speech.

APOSTROPHE:
1. Use to create possessive forms, contractions, and some plurals.
2. Use to show where a letter or letters have been left out of a contracted verb.

QUOTATION MARKS:
1. Use to set off material that represents quoted or spoken language.
2. Use single quotation marks to enclose quoted material (or the titles of poems, stories, articles) within other quoted material.

COMMA:
1. Use to separate the elements in a series.
2. Use a comma + a little conjunction (and, but, for, nor, yet, or, so) to connect two independent clauses.
3. Use to set off quoted elements.
4. Use to set off phrases that express contrast.

SLASH:
1. Use to indicate a choice between the words it separates.

Need more information? Check: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/
This is a great reference site!
Now, go write right!

http://www.mariannestephens.net
http://www.aprilash.net
http://romancebooksrus.blogspot.com
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/romancebooksrus
http://flirtyauthorbitches.com

Photos: Flickr: Adam807, Horia Varian, Marcin Wichary, and Derrick Coetzee's photostreams.

5 comments:

  1. Oh, such great advice, and thanks for the reference. Going over to bookmark it now!

    ReplyDelete
  2. I'm soooo punctuation challenged!!! I bet my editors will appreciate me printing your blog for reference!

    ReplyDelete
  3. Good post, thanks for putting it up!!!

    -Brandy
    brandyzbooks at yahoo (dot) com

    ReplyDelete
  4. punctuationis never a:problem for me!!!? Its/notthat hard:to grasp...?
    XXOO Kat

    ReplyDelete
  5. Oh my gosh, you've given me a headache, Marianne. lol

    Thanks for the post.

    ReplyDelete

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